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Dental School 

Thirty-fourth Annual 


Volume XX, Namber 45 May 8, 1920 

Published 'Weekly by Northwestern University 

Northwf stern University Building 




Dental School 

Thirty-fourth Annual 


Published by the University 
May, 1920 

Dental School Calendar 

1 920- 1 92 1 

Sept. 27 Mon. Examinations for advanced standing begin 

Oct. 5 Tue. Academic year begins 

Oct. 16 Sat. Last day for entrance in course 

Nov. 25 Thu. Thanksgiving Day 

Dec. 18 Sat. Last day of school before Christmas recess 


Jan. 3 Mon. First day of school after Christmas recess 

Jan. 31 Mon. Mid-year examinations begin 

Jan. 31 Mon. Practitioner's Course begins 

Feb. 7 Mon. Second semester begins 

Feb. 12 Sat. Lincoln's Birthday 

Feb. 22 Tue. Washington's Birthday 

Feb. 26 Sat. Practitioner's Course ends 

May 30 Mon. Memorial Day 

May 31 Tue. Senior examinations begin 

June 6 Mon. Junior, Sophomore and Freshman examinations be- 

June 13 Mon. Commencement Banquet 

June 14 Tue. Home Coming Clinic 

June 15 Wed. sixty-third annual commencement 

The University 

ON the last day of May, in the year 1850, there met in the City 
of Chicago, at the office of Grant Goodrich, 109 Lake Street, 
near Dearborn, nine men, Richard A. Blanchard, Jabez K. 
Botsford, Andrew J. Brown, Henry W. Clark, John Evans, Grant 
Goodrich, Zadoc Hall, Richard Haney, and Orrington Lunt, to con- 
sider the founding of a university in the vicinity of Chicago. They 
agreed that ''the interests of Christian learning demand the immediate 
establishment of a University in the Northwest," and appointed a 
committee to petition the General Assembly for a charter. January 
28, in the next year, 1851, Governor French signed the Act that 
incorporated "the Trustees of the Northwestern University." The 
name of the corporation has since been changed to Northwestern 

The first Board of Trustees consisted of thirty-six persons, some 
of whom were representatives of annual conferences of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church and some residents of Chicago or vicinity. The 
corporation as at present constituted consists of thirty-six trustees 
elected by the Board, and two elected by each of three annual con- 
ferences of the Methodist Episcopal Church, making a total of forty- 

The charter provides that a majority of the Board shall be mem- 
bers of the Methodist Episcopal Church, but that no particular 
religious faith shall be required for those who become students at the 

Amendments have provided that other chartered institutions may 
become departments of the University; that all property of whatever 
kind or description belonging to or owned by the said corporation 
shall be forever free from taxation for any and all purposes; that no 
spirituous, vinous, or fermented liquors shall be sold under license or 
otherwise within four miles of the location of the University. 

After considering several locations in the vicinity of Chicago, the 
Trustees selected for the University a tract of land on the shore of 
Lake Michigan, twelve miles north of the heart of Chicago. Here 
in 1855 the first University building was erected, and about this 
location has grown up the City of Evanston, a beautiful residential 
city of thirty thousand inhabitants. The professional schools of 
Medicine, Law, Dentistry, and Commerce are situated in the city of 

Northwestern University Dental School 
Administrative Officers 

Lynn Harold Hough, Th.D., D.D., President of the University. 
Thomas Lewis Gilmer, M.D., D.D.S., Sc.D., Dean Emeritus. 
Arthur Davenport Black, A.M., M.D., D.D.S., Sc.D., Dean. 
Otto Ulysses King, D.D.S., Secretary. 

The Faculty 

Thomas Lewis Gilmer, M.D., D.D.S., Sc.D., Professor of Oral 

Arthur Davenport Black, A.M., M.D., D.D.S., Sc.D., Professor of 

Dental Pathology and of Operative Dentistry. 
Edmund Noyes, D.D.S., Professor of Dental Jurisprudence and 

James Harrison Prothero, D.D.S., Professor Emeritus of Prosthetic 

Twing Brooks Wiggin, M.D., Professor of Physiology; Instructor in 

Physical Diagnosis. 
Ira Benson Sellery, D.D.S., Professor of Orthodontia. 
Harry Mann Gordin, Ph.D., Professor of Chemistry. 
Eugene Shaw Willard, D.D.S., Professor of Bacteriology and Dental 

Fred William Gethro, D.D.S., Professor of Operative Dentistry. 
Herbert Anthony Potts, D.D.S., M.D., Professor of Oral Surgery. 
William Bebb, M.S., D.D.S., Professor of Comparative Anatomy; 

Curator of the Museum. 
Robert Edwin Blackwell, D.D.S., Professor of Operative Dentistry; 

Superintendent of the Clinic. 
William Graham Skillen, D.D.S., Professor of Histolog}\ 
Joseph Emerson Ridgway, D.D.S., Professor of Prosthetic Dentistry. 
George Bion Denton, Ph.D., Professor of English. 
Edward Howard Hatton, M.D., Professor of Pathology; Special 

Research Investigator. 


Otto Ulysses King, D.D.S., Lecturer in Economics. 

George Edward Meyer, D.D.S., Instructor in Oral Surgery. 

Floyd DeWitt Leach, D.D.S., Instructor in Radiolog\\ 

Michael Joseph Buckley, D.D.S,, Instructor in Orthodontia. 

Charles West Freeman, D.D.S., Instructor in Oral Surgery. 

Rolfe Tainter, M.D., Instructor in Anatomy and Pathology. 

William Joseph Corcoran, M.S., M.D., Instructor in Physiolog}'. 

Harris Walker McClain, Ph.G., D.D.S., Instructor in Orthodontia 
and in Materia Medica. 

Herbert Scott Ray, D.D.S., Instructor in Operative Dentistry; in 
charge of Freshman Operative Technic Laboratory. 

William Spencer Ryan, M.D., D.D.S., Instructor in Anatomy. 

Hillis Talley Brown, D.D.S., Assistant Professor of Anatomy. 

Charles Edward Wach, Ph.G., D.D.S., Instructor in Physiolog}\ 

Stanley William Clark, D.D.S., Instructor in Oral Surgery. 

Frederick William Merrifield, D.D.S., Instructor in Dental Path- 

Charles George Sholes, D.D.S., Instructor in Prosthetic Dentistry. 

Leon A. Marks, Ph.G., Instructor in Chemistry; in charge of Chem- 
ical Laboratory. 

Owen E. McBride, S.B., Instructor in Technical Drawing. 

Roy F. Webster, A.B., Instructor in Physics. 

Lladislaus J. Nalencz-Koniuszewski, D.D.S., Instructor in Pros- 
thetic Dentistr}'. 

Gottfred Rudolph Lundquist, D.D.S., Instructor in Oral Surgery. 

James Perrie Smith, D.D.S., Instructor in Operative Dentistry. 

George F. Biddison, D.D.S., Instructor in Operative Dentistry. 

John Frederick Christiansen, D.D.S., Instructor in Radiology. 

Ray McKinley Dix, D.D.S., Instructor in Dental Anatomy and 
Operative Technics. 

John S. Kellogg, D.D.S. , Instructor in Prosthetic Technics. 

Theodore Brockhaus Kurtz, D.D.S., Instructor in Prosthetic Tech- 

Henr}' Donald Meyer, D.D.S., Instructor in Operative Technics. 

Harry Egbert Waalkes, D.D.S., Instructor in Operative Technics. 


William Leroy Wylie, D.D.S., Instructor in Operative Dentistry; 

Assistant in Histology. 
Leif Fritjof Graven, D.D.S., Examiner of Patients. 


Raymond J. Gates, Assistant in Chemistry. 
Raymond E. Meese, Assistant in Chemistry. 
Meyer S. Poliak, Assistant in Chemistry. 
William J. Strauss, Assistant in Physics. 
James R. Schumaker, Assistant in Histology. 
Lindale V. Stephenson, Assistant in Technical Drawing. 
Clyde C. Sheppard, Assistant in Radiology. 
William H. Sprunt, Assistant in Radiology. 

The Dental School 

THE DENTAL SCHOOL was founded and is maintained for 
the purpose of preparing young men and young women in the 
most thorough manner for the practice of dentistry, and for 
the promotion of dental science and dental literature. 

The reputation earned by this School is well shown by the tabu- 
lation, on page 45, of the geographical distribution of students in 
attendance during the past year, from thirty-seven states and four 
foreign countries. 

The Dental School was organized in 1887 and three years later 
became a department of the University. In 1896 it absorbed the 
American College of Dental Surgery and for some years occupied 
the building on Franklin and Madison Streets, Chicago. It is now 
located in Northwestern University Building, at the corner of Lake 
and Dearborn Streets, Chicago, occupying the upper three floors of 
the building, over 60,000 square feet. 

The following men are deserving of permanent recognition for 
their devotion to this School, as evidenced by their work in its 
development: Doctors Thomas L. Gilmer, G. V. Black, Edgar D. 
Swain, George H. Cushing, Theodore Menges, C. R. E. Koch, 
W. V-B. Ames and James H. Prothero. 


Northwestern University Building is in the transportation center 
of over three millions of people living within a radius of forty miles, 
a location especially advantageous for obtaining the great number of 
clinical patients needed in a dental school. See page 34 for statement 
of number of patients and operations performed during the last School 

The operative clinic, sufficient in extent to accommodate the great 
clinic and the offices connected with it, is of the best design of con- 
struction, consisting of a single room with arched ceiling. It is on 
the sixth floor, with free light on two sides and abundant skylight. 
Adjoining the operative clinic is the prosthetic clinic, and on the same 
floor the special clinic for pulp treatments, the senior prosthetic lab- 
oratory for crown and bridge work, the laboratory for porcelain and 
cast metal inlay work, an impression room, and tw^o rooms and wait- 
ting-room for extracting, and a room devoted to radiographic work. 
There are seven lecture-rooms, three of which are arranged on the 
amphitheater plan and have seats for 240 students. One of these 


is for the oral surgery clinic which has a waiting-room for surgical 
patients, a room for diagnosis and the preparation of patients, and 
a recovery room with sufficient beds for the temporary care of 
patients. The other four lecture rooms have seats for 175, 125, lOO, 
and 75 students. There are eight recitation rooms, each accom- 
modating thirty-five or more students. Other rooms are the anatom- 
ical laboratory, which is placed well apart, and the laboratories for 
prosthetic technics, operative technics, chemistry, biology, histology, 
physiology, general pathology, bacteriology, materia medica, and for 
physics; the students' reading-room, the library, and the museum. 

A new laboratory for scientific research is equipped with every 
facility for advance study of the many unsolved problems which 
confront the dental profession. This laboratory has every conven- 
ience for bacteriological study, animal experimentation and the study 
of human material from the general and oral surgery clinics. 


The Library and the adjoining reading-room occupy, together 
with the attached Journal Reading Room, 5,400 feet of floor space. 
It is furnished with reading tables and chairs for about one hun- 
dred students. The Library contains 6,308 volumes of books on 
dental and collateral subjects; a fine supply of dictionaries and ency- 
clopedias conveniently placed in the reading-room for easy consulta- 
tion; and a nearly complete list of the dental journals that have been 
published in the English language, with about 80,000 duplicate num- 
bers. The books most used by the students are duplicated, up to 
six or twelve, and a few to fifteen copies. The books and journals 
may be used in the reading-room without restriction, and w^hen 
the duplication of volumes will allow, they may be drawn out as a 
circulating library. 


The Museum, which in many of its sections is the most com- 
plete collection of illustrative material in existence, is open to inspec- 
tion and study. The cases are arranged to show the specimens to 
the best advantage. 

Recently the very extensive private collection of Dr. William 
Bebb has been added to the Museum under the title of the Bebb 
Collection. This collection consists of paleontological and modern 
animal and human bones, skeletons and skulls; many varieties of 


preserved fur animals, and a very choice collection of ancient and 
modern-obsolete dental instruments, tools and equipment; many 
volumes of rare old books on dentistry in various languages; and 
engravings, paintings, lithographs, and cartoons illustrative of the 
development of dentistry. All of these have been arranged in most 
attractive manner for exhibition and study. 

The comparative anatomy specimens consist of heads with the 
teeth, with the exception of the gorilla and chimpanzee, of which there 
are full skeletons. There is a sufficient number of varieties of each of 
the several orders to afford specimens of ever}^ kind of tooth form 
and of every variety of placement in mammals, saurians, and snakes, 
with a large variety of fishes. 

The principal specimens of human skulls are, first, an excellent 
mounting of the separated bones of the adult; second, a fine set of 
dissections in a series showing the development of the teeth and the 
roots from the first appearance in the fetus to the full adult devel- 
opment, and illustrating the absorption of the roots of the deciduous 
teeth, the shedding process, and the replacement by permanent teeth; 
also the absorption of the alveolar processes after the loss of teeth, 
with the changes that occur in the form of the bones of the jaws 
from childhood to old age. 

The Museum contains also a valuable collection of human teeth 
of abnormal forms; a very full and complete set of specimens illus- 
trating interproximal wear and the flattening of the points of inter- 
proximal contact. It is especially rich in casts of cases of super- 
numerary teeth ; some illustrations of the very early forms of artificial 
teeth, of manufactured porcelain teeth, and of dental instruments, 
illustrating the development in these lines. This collection has been 
made in the School largely by students and by alumni, and is being 
continually increased by donations from those who have met with 
specimens unusual or rare in practice. 

It also contains a most complete representation of the progress 
of Dental Hygiene and Prophylaxis as represented by the progressive 
steps of the development of the toothbrush, and a complete collection 
of dental instruments and appliances now obsolete in modern prac- 
tice of dentistr}^ 


The central location of the school and its convenient access from 
every point afifords many and peculiar advantages to its students. 
It gives them the widest possible range of choice of residence while 

10 N () R ^r H W E S T K R N UNIVERSITY 

attending the school, without inconvenience In coming and going. 
It also gives the school the widest range of territory from which to 
draw the extensive clinic so necessary to a great dental school. The 
patients for this clinic come from all parts of the city of Chicago 
and its suburbs. The personal influence of the students of the 
school, each one of whom draws from his own friends and acquaint- 
ances, made In and about his place of residence, Is an Invaluable 
adjunct to the number who come simply as acquaintances of the 
school. Patients who come as the friends of students make up the 
personal clinical practice of the individual student. 

In this the out-of-town students seem to be in no respect less 
favored than the student whose home Is In the city. This gaining, 
and holding, a personal clinical practice under the supervision of 
the instructors in the clinic rooms has come to be one of the features 
of this school that has a telling effect upon the after-practice of Its 
students. By this plan of work the student not only learns the 
theory of practice and the manipulations of practical operations in 
dentistry, but he passes at once to the work of real experience in 
building a practice for himself; in gaining that skill in professional 
comity and personal manner between himself and his patients, which 
Is as necessary to him in after j^ears. In drawing together and main- 
taining a practice, as his knowledge of dental diseases and his skill 
In their treatment. 

For these reasons the residence of students in groups in widely 
different portions of the city is favored. This also gives the benefits 
of a more homelike life, while giving In the aggregate a far better 
conception of life in a great city and decidedly better opportunity 
to draw upon its advantages, while shunning the disadvantages of 
large gatherings of students in a single locality. 

Chicago is a great city and gives many opportunities to the stu- 
dent who learns to avail himself of them. Lincoln Park on the 
north offers, besides its beautiful pleasure grounds, some extensive 
botanical gardens and winter conservatories, where all manner of 
plants may be enjoyed and studied; a fine zoological collection, 
where a large variety of animal and bird life may be studied, and 
the Museum of Natural History, in which there is a very large 
collection of birds, animals and fossil remains of extinct animal life. 
Jackson and Washington Parks on the south, besides their extensive 
pleasure grounds, also offer splendid botanical gardens and winter 
conservatories. The new Field Columbian Museum, located in 
Grant Park, offers a rare collection of Natural History specimens 


especially suited for the study of comparative dental anatomy, of 
modern and ancient skulls and the condition of the teeth in the vari- 
ous races and types of men in different ages. The admission to this 
museum is free to students on presentation of their matriculation 
tickets to this school. 

The Art Institute of Chicago is located within easy walking 
distance of the School; it offers many free admission hours, making 
its cultural opportunities conveniently available. 


A number of libraries are accessible to students who have taste 
for study, or for looking up subjects of scientific or literary interest, 
or in connection with special studies. 

The University library collections offer very abundant facilities 
for students. They are ample in the number of books adapted to 
the different schools and are so situated as to be easily accessible; 
generally within the school buildings. They consist of the College 
Libran% the Law Library, the Medical Library and the Theological 

Chicago Library (1,019,662 volumes) is on Michigan Avenue 
and Washington Street, five minutes' w^alk from the school. It is 
one of the finest libraries in the country. Students may receive books 
from this library when vouched for by responsible persons known 
to the officials. This library has also many branch offices in different 
parts of the city, from which books may be received on application. 
These are convenient to many of the boarding places of students. 

The Newberry Library is very large (386,000 volumes) and, 
besides general works, has also a large collection devoted to history. 
It is on North Clark Street and Walton Place, and may be reached 
in a ten minutes' walk. This is a reference library and books can 
be used only in its reading rooms. 

The John Crerar Library (430,000 volumes) occupies one 
and one-half floors in the Marshall Field Building, corner Wabash 
Avenue and Washington Street. It is devoted mainly to the natural, 
the physical and the social sciences, with their applications, but has 
one large room containing medical and dental books and periodicals. 
It is a most excellent collection of books. It is a reference library', 
and its books are used only in its reading rooms. 


Admission and Instruction 

In teaching staff, requirements for admission, curriculum, equip- 
ment and facilities of every kind. Northwestern University Dental 
School complies fully with the rules of the Dental Educational 
Council of America for Class A Dental Schools. 

Attention is directed to the change in entrance requirements for 
the year 1921-1922, which are given in detail on page 16. Dentistry 
needs more practitioners with hroader education, and all who have 
completed high school and can afford to do so are urged to take one 
or more years in a College of Liberal Arts before entering dental 
school. Extra time devoted to college courses will be of much 
advantage in the future. For those matriculating for 1 920-1 921 who 
have already had a year or more of college a special curriculum has 
been arranged, as announced on page 17. 


A candidate for admission to the Dental School for the year 
1 920- 1 92 1 may be accepted upon presentation of a diploma, or equiv- 
alent certificate, from an accredited high school or academy which 
requires for graduation not less than fifteen units of high school work 
obtained in a four year course beyond the eighth grade of the elemen- 
tary school. No conditions on the foregoing entrance requirement 
will be allowed. An accredited high school is defined as one w^hich 
is accredited as a four year high school by the United States Bureau 
of Education, or by a University which is a member of the Asso- 
ciation of American Universities, or by the State University of the 
State in which the high school is located. 

In the case of an applicant w^ho is not a graduate from a high 
school or academy, as defined above, the full equivalent of such educa- 
tion in each individual case must be established by the Committee on 
Examinations, appointed by the Illinois State Superintendent of 
Public Instruction, and attested by him. The Committee on Exam- 
inations may issue a certificate upon presentation of credentials from 
schools attended, or upon the passing of written examinations given 
by the Committee, or both.* 

*The Illinois law provides that this Committee on Examinations shall 
charge a fee of ten dollars for each person who presents for examination 
or for the evaluation of credentials. 


The credential covering the candidate's preliminary education 
must include not less than three units in English, t one unit in 
Algebra, one unit in Geometry, and one unit in Physics, Chemistry, 
or Biolog}'. The remaining nine units may be made up of other 
subjects included in standard High School courses. 

A unit is a course of study requiring daily recitations on one 
topic for a full school year. No credit amounting to less than a half 
unit will be allowed toward the fifteen units required. 

This School will receive no student who is not present within 
ten days after the opening day of the session in each year, or in case 
of illness properly certified by the attending physician, within twenty 
days after the opening day. It is desirable that students should 
register early, since the order of assignment of seats in the lecture 
halls is based on the order of registration. The record of attend- 
ance is kept from the opening day, and students who may be admitted 
at a later day will lose their attendance credit for the intervening 

Undergraduate students are not received for special courses in 


Students wishing credit for courses parallel to courses required in 
this School should bring credentials for same, and should present 
their notebooks. No credit on the dental course will be allowed for 
high school chemistr}-, physics, botany, zo6log\% or biolog\'. 

Students who present certificates from other Class A dental schools 
covering subjects required in this School may be credited w^ith such 
studies if the credentials are satisfactory to the Dean and to the 
professors in the respective departments; but credits are not accepted 
unconditionally. The Faculty reserves the right to examine any 
applicant for advanced standing, if in its judgment that should be 
desirable. Students will not be accepted by transfer from other 
schools for matriculation in the senior class, except in cases in which 
credentials and other evidence show the applicant to be exceptionally 
well qualified, and then only by special vote of the Faculty Committee 
on Admissions. 

No student will be accepted by transfer for matriculation in the 
junior or sophomore class unless the previous record is creditable and 
without a condition. 

Examinations for advanced standing and for the removal of con- 

ditions in t he Dental course will begin on September 27, 1920 — 

fForeigners from non-English speaking countries, who present more than 

four units of foreign language, and who can speak, read and write the 

English language, will be accepted as meeting the requirement in English. 

14 NORTH W K S 1^ K R N U N I V E R S I T Y 

one week before the course begins — and no make-up examinations 
will be given at a later time. A schedule of these examinations will 
be furnished upon request. 


The course covers four years. The year begins on the first Tues- 
day in October and closes on Commencement Day of the University 
in June. There are not less than thirty-two weeks of actual instruc- 
tion given, six days in each week. 


A post-graduate, or practitioner's, course has been arranged which 
begins the first Monday in February of each year and continues 
through four full weeks. A special announcement of this course will 
be sent on request. See page 43 for list of those who took post- 
graduate course in February, 1920. 


Students who desire to obtain the Bachelor of Science and Doctor 
of Dental Surgery degrees may enroll on a combined Literary and 
Dental course, and thus shorten the required time for earning the 
two degrees from eight to seven years. 

Students who desire to obtain the degrees of Doctor of Medicine 
and Doctor of Dental Surgery may enroll for a combined medical 
and dental course, and thus shorten the time of earning these degrees 
from nine to seven years, which includes one year of hospital intern- 
ship. In order to enroll for this course it w^ill be necessary for the 
student to have completed the two required pre-medical years in a 
College of Liberal Arts. 

Students who desire to obtain the three degrees. Bachelor of 
Science, Doctor of Medicine and Doctor of Dental Surgery, may do 
so by taking three years in the College of Liberal Arts before entering 
upon the combined medical and dental course. 

Details regarding the combined courses will be furnished upon 


Courses— 1920-1921 

Five years ago, In 191 5-16, this School adopted the general plan 
of teaching by the division of classes into small sections for recitation 
and laboratory periods, in order that the student might receive more 
thorough instruction. To accomplish this, the building w^as re- 
modeled to provide necessary additional rooms and laboratory facili- 
ties, and the teaching staff was increased in every department. 

A general rearrangement of courses has been made by which better 
co-ordination and sequence of related subjects has been obtained. 




Hours a week Hours a year 

Recitation Laboratory Recitation Laboratory 

English 2 64 

Physics I 3(1 Sem.) 32 48 

Technical Drawing 3 (i Sem.) 48 

Biology 2 (ist Sem.) 4 (ist Sem.) 32 64 

Anatomy i (i Sem.) 6 (i Sem.) 16 96 

Chemistry, Inorganic, and 

Metallurgy 2 4 64 128 

Histology, General 2 (2d Sem.) 4 (2d Sem.) 32 64 

Dental Anatomy i (ist Sem.) 6 (ist Sem.) 16 96 

Operative Technics i (2d Sem.) 6 (2d Sera.) 16 96 

Prosthetic Technics i 9 32 288 

Mouth Hygiene i 16 

loj^ 29 320 928 — 1,248 


Hours a week Hours a year 

Recitation Laboratory Recitation Laboratory 

English I (2d Sem.) 16 

Anatomy of Head and Neck 2 (i Sem.) 9 (i Sem.) 32 144 

Histology, Dental i 3 32 96 

Chemistry, Organic and 

Physiological i 3 32 96 

Physiology 2 3 (i Sem.) 64 48 

Bacteriology i 3 32 96 

Comparative Dental Anat- 
omy I (i Sem.) 16 

Operative Technics 2 6 (i Sem.) 64 96 

Prosthetic Technics i 9 32 288 

Clinical Operative and 

Prosthetic Dentistry .... 6 (2d Sem.) 96 

10 31 320 960 — 1,280 




Hours a week 
Recitation Laboratory 


Physical Diagnosis 


Materia Medica 

Dental Pathology 

Dental Radiology 

Mouth Hygiene 


Operative Dentistry 2 


Prosthetic Dentistry 

Principles of Surgery 

Extraction Clinic 

Clinical Operative and 
Prosthetic Dentistry .... 

Hours a year 
Recitation Laboratory 

(i Sem.) 

(i Sem.) 
(i Sem.) 
(i Sem.) 

(i Sem.) 

(i Sem.) 



(i Sem.) 

(i Sem.) 













Hours a week Hours a year 

Recitation Laboratory Recitation Laboratory 

*Dental Pathology 2 

Jurisprudence and Ethics.. i (i Sem.) 
Dental Economics i (i Sem.) 

*Oral Surgery 2 

*Operative Dentistry i 

*Prosthetic Dentistry 2 

Orthodontia i 

Special Clinics for Divisions 
of Class, in Extraction, 
Oral Surgery, Peridental 
Diseases, Operative and 
Prosthetic Dentistry .... 
Clinical Practice in Ortho- 
dontia, Operative and 
Prosthetic Dentistry .... 




r for each \ ^ 
\ Division J * 



288 1,088—1,376 


Beginning with the school year 1 921 -1922, one year of Liberal 
Arts will be required for admission to the Dental course. 

A candidate for admission for the year 1921-1922 may be accepted 
on presentation of the following credits: 

High School: Fifteen units from an accredited high school or 

*One hour each week will be devoted to seminar work, consisting of the 
reading and discussion of themes prepared by members of the class. 


academy, which shall include three units of English, two units of 
foreign language, one unit of algebra, one unit of geometry and 
one unit of physics. The remaining seven units may be made up of 
other subjects in standard High School courses. 

College: Thirty semester-hours in a College of Liberal Arts 
which is recognized by Northwestern University, which shall include 
six semester-hours of English, six semester-hours of inorganic chem- 
istry and six semester-hours of zoology. 

If physics is not offered for entrance, it must be taken during 
the first year of the dental course. High school chemistry, biology 
or zoology can not be substituted for the college credits required in 
chemistry and zoology. 




Hours a week Hours a year 

Recitation Laboratory Recitation Laboratory 

Anatomy 2 73^ Aver. 64 240 

Histology 2 4 64 128 

Chemistry, Organic and 

Physiological i 3 32 96 

Dental Anatomy i (ist Sem.) 6 (ist Sem.) 16 96 

Operative Technics i (2d Sem.) 6 (2d Sem.) 16 96 

Prosthetic Technics i 9 32 288 

7 29^^ Aver. 2^4 944 — 1,168 


Hours a week Hours a year 

Recitation Laboratory Recitation Laboratory 

Physiology a 3 64 96 

Bacteriology 2 3 64 96 

Pathology i 3 32 96 

Comp. Dental Anatomy... i (i Sem.) 2 (i Sem.) 16 32 

Operative Technics 2 6 (ist Sem.) 64 96 

Prosthetic Technics i 9 32 288 

Orthodontia Technics .... 1(1 Sem.) 3 (i Sem.) 16 48 
Clinical Operative and 

Prosthetic Dentistry .... 6 (2d Sem.) 96 

9 26H Aver. 288 848—1,136 

In the junior year this group will take the regular four-year 
curriculurn, except the course in pathology, for w^hich a course in the 
principles of medicine will be substituted. In the senior year this 
group w^ill take the regular four-year curriculum. 

Beginning with the year 192 1- 1922 the regular four-year cur- 
riculum will be practically the same as the special curriculum given 
above for students w^ho have had one or more years of college. 




a. * Lecture-recitation — Osteology of the Entire Body — Twelve 
weeks, class divided into sections, each section one hour a week. 
Dr. Tainter and Dr. Ryan. 

b. Lecture-recitation — Syndesmology and Myology — Four 
weeks, one hour a week. Dr. Tainter and Dr. Ryan. 

c. Laboratory — Human Dissections — The upper or lower ex- 
tremity and the abdomen are dissected. One semester. Class divided 
into sections, each section two three-hour periods each week. Dr. 
Tainter, Dr. Ryan, and Assistants. 


d. Lecture-recitation — Angeology, Neurology, Organs of the 
Senses and Splanchnology — One semester, one hour a week. Dr. 
Tainter and Dr. Ryan. 

e. Laboratory — Human Dissections — The Head, Neck and 
Thorax. Surgical anatomy of the Head and Neck. One semester. 
Class divided into sections, each section two three-hour periods a 
week. Dr. Tainter, Dr. Ryan, and Assistants. 



a. Lecture-recitation — Principles of Bacteriology — The prepara- 
tion of culture media; management of laboratory cultures; distin- 
guishing varieties of micro-organisms in laboratory cultures; physi- 
ology of micro-organisms; poisons produced by micro-organisms; 
diseases caused by micro-organisms, particularly those of the teeth 
and mouth; susceptibility and immunity to diseases. One hour a 
week throughout the year. Professor Willard. 

b. Laboratory — Preparation of culture media; planting and 
management of cultures; separation of species in mixed cultures; 
deriving pure cultures from infected animals; cultures from saliva, 
from mucous membranes, and from carious teeth; staining, mount- 
ing, and microscopic studies; diagnosis of unknowns. Class divided 
into sections, each section three hours a week throughout the year. 
Professor Willard and Assistant. 

*For all lecture-recitation courses, lectures are given to the entire class, 
and the class is divided into sections of about forty for recitations. As a 
rule, there are three recitation periods following each lecture. 




a. Lecture-recitation — Studies of the properties of living mat- 
ter; a few selected types of flowering plants and invertebrate animals. 
Organic evolution, studies of the development of animals, using eggs 
of fishes, amphibia and the chick. First semester, two hours a week. 
Professor Skillen. 

b. Laboratory — The course in the laboratory will parallel the 
lecture-recitation course, and will consist of demonstration experi- 
ments and studies by members of the class. First semester. Class 
divided into sections, each section two tw^o-hour periods per week. 
Professor Skillen and Dr. Wylie. 



a. Lecture-recitation — General and Inorganic Chemistry — First 
semester. Class divided in sections. Two hours a week. Profes- 
sor Gordin and Mr. Marks. 

b. Laboratory — Illustrative experiments in General and Inor- 
ganic Chemistry. First semester. Class divided into sections, each 
section two tw^o-hour periods a wxek. Professor Gordin, Mr. Marks, 
and Assistants. 

c. Lecture-recitation — General and Inorganic Chemistry — Sec- 
ond semester. Two hours a w^eek. Professor Gordin and Mr. 

d. Laboratory — The metals and their compounds. Qualitative 
chemical analysis of unknown mixtures, particularly bases and alloys. 
Second semester. Class divided into sections, each section two two- 
hour periods a week. Professor Gordin, Mr. Marks, and Assistants. 


e. Lecture-recitation — Organic Chemistry — First semester, one 
hour a week. Professor Gordin and Mr. Marks. 

f. Lecture-recitation — Organic and Physiological Chemistry — 
Second semester, one hour a w^eek. Professor Gordin and Mr. Marks. 

g. Laboratory — Quantitative chemical analysis of dental alloys, 
etc. Refining of gold, silver, and other metals. Laboratory study 
of cements and other filling materials. Assay of dental alloys for 
gold, silver, tin, platinum. Practical problems of dental chemistry. 

20 N O R T H W E S T P: R N U N I V E R S Kf Y 

Illustrative experiments in Organic Chemistry. Analysis of saliva. 
Urine analysis. Class divided into sections, each section three hours 
a week. Professor Gordin, Mr. Marks, and Assistants. 

Comparative Dental Anatomy 


a. Lecture — Evolution — The meaning of similarity of structure; 
natural selection; changes in organs; correlation of growth between 
parts; principles of heredity and of fixity of species; tooth forms; 
definitions and descriptions of the varieties of forms; the typical 
mammalian dentition; classification of the animal kingdom, with 
concise descriptions of the typical characteristics of each. One se- 
mester. One lecture or recitation a week. Professor Bebb. 

b. Laboratory — Small groups in the Museum for study of speci- 

Dental Economics 


a. Lecture — Dental Economics — This course embraces practice 
building, methods of obtaining and retaining patients, business rela- 
tions between the dentist and his patients, fees, accounts, records of 
operations, presentation and collection of accounts, methods of econ- 
omy in the conduct of an office. One semester, one hour a week. 
Dr. O. U. King. 

Dental Jurisprudence and Ethics 


a. Lecture — Ethics — Elementary principles of ethics; profes- 
sional ethics; state laws relating to dentistry; Illinois dental law; 
dental jurisprudence; general review. One semester, one hour a 
week. Professor Noyes. 



a. Lecture-recitation — Composition and rhetoric. Study of the 
sentence ; grammar and punctuation ; diction ; themes. First semester, 
two hours a week. Professor Denton. 


b. Lecture-recitation — Types of literature; the drama; the 
essay; the novel. Second semester, t^vo hours a week. Professor 


c. Lecture-recitation — Composition and rhetoric. Study of the 
paragraph ; the composition as a whole ; analyses and outlines ; long 
theme. The preparation of professional papers; the use of libraries, 
bibliographies, footnotes. Second semester, one hour a week. Pro- 
fessor Denton, 


d. Long Theme — Each member of the class will prepare one 
long theme compiled from the periodical and other dental literature. 
Professor Denton. 


e. Seminar-Theme — All review^s prepared by members of the 
class for the seminars in oral surger}-, dental patholog}^ prosthetic 
dentistr}^ and operative dentistry will be criticized before they are 
read before the class. Conferences with the student essayists and 
discussers. Professor Denton. 



a. Lecture-recitation — The construction and the use of the 
microscope. A study of cell structure and functions; the elementary 
tissues; histolog}^ of the organs; circulator}', lymphatic, alimentary 
tract, and accessory glands, respiratory system, urinary- organg and 
skin. Second semester, two hours a week. Professor Skillen. 

b. Laboratory — A laboratory study of the subjects of the lecture 
course. Second semester. Class divided into sections, each section 
two two-hour periods a w^ek. Professor Skillen and Dr. Wylie. 

c. Recitations — During laboratory hours. 


d. Lecture-recitation — The Dental Tissues — Enamel ; the peri- 
dental membranes; periosteum; bone; mucous membranes and other 
soft tissues of the mouth. One and two-thirds semesters. One hour 
a week. Professor Skillen. 

e. Lecture-recitation — Embryology — One hour a week. One- 
third of a semester. Professor Skillen. 

22 N O R 1 H W E S T E R N U N 1 V E R S IT Y 

f. Laboratory — A laboratory study of the subjects of lecture 
courses d and e. Class divided into sections, each section one three- 
hour period a week throughout the year. Professor Skillen and Dr. 

g. Recitations — During laboratory hours throughout the year. 

Materia Medica and Therapeutics 


a. Lecture-recitation — The sources and various forms of drugs; 
general and local action of drugs; agencies that modify the action 
of drugs; the art of prescribing medicines; a critical study of about 
one hundred drugs, classified according to their therapeutic and 
toxic action. Medication for dental purposes. One hour a w^eek 
throughout the year. Dr. McClain. 

b. Laboratory — Study of the origin and preparation of various 
drugs; prescription w^riting; dispensing; reactions, antidotes for 
poisons, etc. Class divided into sections, each section three hours a 
vreek during one semester. Dr. McClain. 

Mouth Hygiene; Oral Prophylaxis 


a. Lecture-recitation — This course will include a presentation 
of the general problems involved in disease of the oral cavity, with a 
discussion of means of prevention. The various methods of main- 
taining mouth cleanliness will be discussed, and the technic will be 
given in detail. First semester. One hour a week. Professor Black. 


b. Lecture — Oral Prophylaxis and Mouth Hygiene — Preven- 
tive measures which may be employed by both dentist and patient. 
Mouth hygiene technique. The relation between operative and pros- 
thetic procedures to the diseases of the soft tissues. Teaching of 
mouth hygiene technique in public schools, and dental service in 
public schools and eleemosynary institutions. Second semester. One 
hour a week. Professor Black. 


Operative Dentistry and Dental Pathology 


Dental Axatomy, Operative Technics 


a. Lecture-recitation — Descriptive Anatomy of the Human 
Teeth — Nomenclature. Studies of the maxilla and mandible, with 
especial attention to the surgical anatomy. First semester. One hour 
a week. Dr. Ray. 

b. Laboratory — Studies of the forms of individual teeth ; carv- 
ing the tooth forms in bone or ivory; dissections and studies of the 
internal parts — pulp chambers and root canals. First semester. Class 
divided into sections, each section two three-hour periods a week. 
Dr. Ray and Dr. Dix. 

c. Lecture-recitation — Instruments and Instrumentation — A 
study of instrument forms, instrument construction, and the adapta- 
tion of instruments to the excavation of cavities. Cavity Nomen- 
clature — A study of the location of cavities in extracted teeth, of 
the forms of prepared cavities, and of the use of instruments in their 
preparation. Oral Prophylaxis — Studies of instruments and ma- 
nipulation. Second semester. One hour a week. Dr. Ray. 

d. Laboratory — Study of instrument forms; a set of forty-eight 
excavators made to millimeter scale in brass; preparation of cavities 
in extracted human teeth, ivory or bone. Second semester. Class 
divided into sections. Each section two three-hour periods a week. 
Dr. Ray and Dr. Dix. 

Operative Dentistry 


e. Lecture-recitation — Technical Procedures in Cavity Prepara- 
tion and in Filling Teeth — Cavity nomenclature ; cavity preparation ; 
principles, instruments and appliances, and instrumentation ; cavity 
preparation by classes of cavities. Filling materials; instruments and 
instrumentation, physics of filling operations, finishing fillings. Fill- 
ing with gold foil, gold inlays, amalgam, cements, gutta-percha. Ex- 
posure and removal of the dental pulp. Preparation and filling of 
root canals. Two hours a week throughout the vear. Professor 

f. Laboratory — Preparation of cavities and manipulation of the 
various filling materials. Pulp treatment and the filling of root 

24 N () R T H W K S T K R N U N I V E R S IT Y 

canals. Instrumentation in oral prophylaxis and in the treatment of 
diseases of the peridental membrane. These operations are performed 
with extracted human teeth, placed in position in the jaws of man- 
ikins, the conditions being as nearly like those met with in actual 
practice as possible. First semester, two three-hour periods a week. 
Dr. Meyer and Dr. Waalkes. 

g. Operative Clinic — Open to Sophomore students six hours a 
week during the second semester. Operations are required amount- 
ing to fifty points in gold fillings, fifty points in gold inlays, fifty 
points in amalgam fillings and fifty points in treatments. Professor 
Blackwell, Dr. Freeman, Dr. Meyer, Dr. Waalkes, and Assistants. 


h. Lecture-recitation — Review of Technical Procedures in Fill- 
ing Teeth — The Hard Tissues of the Teeth — Studies of the dys- 
trophies of the enamel, of erosion, abrasion, and dental caries; caries 
of enamel; caries of dentin; inception and progress of dental caries; 
conditions of the beginning of dental caries; systemic causes of 
dental caries; susceptibility from and immunity to dental caries; vital 
phenomena in dental caries ; hyperesthesia of dentin ; treatment of 
dental caries; curative effect of fillings; selection of filling materials. 
First semester. One hour a week. Professor Gethro, Dr. Smith, 
and Dr. Biddison. 

i. Lecture-recitation — The force used in mastication in relation 
to operative procedures; treatment of dental caries; management of 
cavities by classes; ''extension for prevention" and its limitations; 
esthetic considerations; the deciduous teeth, their pathology and treat- 
ment ; the childhood period of the permanent teeth ; management of 
patients. Second semester. One hour a w^eek. Professor' Gethro, 
Dr. Smith and Dr. Biddison. 

j. Operative Clinic — Open to Junior students eighteen hours a 
week during the entire year. Operations amounting to one hundred 
points required in gold fillings, one hundred points in gold inlays 
and one hundred points in amalgam fillings. Credit points are given 
for fillings ranging from one to ten points. The location of the 
cavity, the operative difficulties encountered, and the excellence of 
the completed operation determine the amount of points earned in 
each case. Professor Black, Professor Gethro, Professor Willard, 
Professor Blackwell, Dr. Freeman, and Assistants. 


k. Seminar-Theme — Review of the literature of operative den- 
tistry. For this course selected groups of articles in the periodical 
literature and subjects in books will be assigned to small groups for 


seminar study. Each week a short theme will be presented by a mem- 
ber of the class and discussed by others. One hour a week through- 
out the year. Professor Blackwell. 

1. Operative Clinic — Open to Senior students daily throughout 
the 3ear. Operations amounting to two hundred points are required 
in gold fillings, two hundred points in gold inlays and two hundred 
points in amalgam. Professor Black, Professor Gethro, Professor 
Willard, Professor Blackwell, Dr. Freeman, and Assistants. 

m. Special Operative Clinic — Each section one hour a week for 
five weeks. Professor Gethro. 

Dental Pathology and Therapeutics 


n. Lecture-recitation — Pathology and Treatment of the Gin- 
givae and Peridental Membrane and of the Dental Pulp — Review 
of the histological structures and physical functions of the tissues, 
their diseases and treatment. In this course especial attention will 
be given to the technical procedures and their application in the 
clinic. Radiographic studies of cases of peridental disease and apical 
infections, also of root canal fillings, form an important feature of 
this course. About 17,000 radiographs were taken for school patients 
last year. Oral prophylaxis and mouth hygiene — preventive measures 
which should be employed by dentist and patient — will be presented. 
One hour a week throughout the year. Dr. Merrifield. 

o. Lecture-recitation — Pathology and Treatment of the Dental 
Pulp — Review of histological structure and functions ; hyperemia and 
inflammation, obtunding sensitive dentin ; devitalization ; removal ; 
treatment of canals ; root filling ; aseptic technique ; alveolar abscess ; 
chronic osteitis; necrosis of bone; studies of antiseptics and their 
effect on the tissues; bleaching teeth. One hour a week throughout 
the year. Professor Willard. 

p. Laboratory — Histo-pathological Studies of the Teeth ana 
Their Investing Tissues — The changes which occur in hard tissues in 
the various dystrophies — atrophy, mottled teeth, white enamel, etc. ; 
in dental caries, secondar>^ dentin and excementosis ; also the changes 
in the pulp in inflammation and the various forms of calcification : 
and in the peridental tissues in chronic alveolar abscess and chronic 
pericementitis. One period of three hours a week during one semes- 
ter. Professor Black and Dr. Tainter. 

q. Clinical Practice — Junior students are required to make one 
hundred points in practical treatments in the clinic. 



r. Lecture-recitation — Pathology of Both the Hard and Soft 
Tissues of the Teeth — Studies of the dystrophies of the enamel, of 
erosion, abrasion and dental caries; of the diseases and treatment of 
the gingivae and peridental membranes, and of the dental piilp. One 
hour a week throughout the year. Professor Black. 

s. Seminar-Thenie — Review of the literature of dental pa- 
thology and studies in the Research Laboratory. In this course se- 
lected groups of articles in the periodical literature and subjects in 
books will be assigned to small groups for seminar study. Groups 
will also be assigned to the Research Laboratory. Each week a short 
theme will be presented by a member of the class and discussed by 
others. One hour a week throughout the year. Professor Black. 

t. Clinical Practice — Senior students are required to make two 
hundred points in practical treatments in the clinic. Radiographic 
studies of peridental disease and apical infections, also of root canal 
fillings, will be an important part of the care of cases in the clinic. 
About 17,000 radiographs were taken for school patients last year. 

u. Peridental Membrane Clinic — Each section, one hour a week 
for five weeks. Professor Black and Dr. Merrifield. 

Oral Surgery 


a. Surgical Anatomy — In small groups, sixteen hours. Dr. 

b. Extraction Clinic — Each section two hours a week for five 
weeks. Dr. Lundquist. 

c. Radiology — Lectures and practical instruction in radiographic 
room. Second semester. Two hours each week. Dr. Leach and 
Dr. Christiansen. 

d. Lecture — Anesthetics — Historical review; state of the patient; 
nature of operation; choice of anesthetic; prolonged dental opera- 
tions; circumstances of administration; examination of patients; gen- 
eral anesthetics, local and regional anesthetics, dangers of anesthesia; 
ether, chloroform, nitrous oxid ; nitrous oxid and oxygen for anes- 
thesia and analgesia; conductive anesthesia. One semester. One 
hour a week. Dr. Hatton. 

e. Clinical Demonstrations of Nitrous Oxid and Novocain An- 
esthesia — Daily in the extracting clinic. Dr. Lundquist and Dr. 



f. Lecture-recitation — Surgical bacteriolog}' ; inflammation; sup- 
puration ; wounds ; hemorrhage ; necrosis ; chronic osteitis ; disease of 
the maxillary- sinus; resection of roots; tetanus; ankylosis; arthritis; 
facial neuralgia; fractures; dislocations; extraction of teeth; malposi- 
tion of third molars; impacted teeth; replantation, transplantation, 
and implantation of teeth ; cleft palate and harelip ; affections of the 
lips, tongue, and mouth; tumors; odontomes; ranula; cysts; aneu- 
risms. One hour a week throughout the year. Professor Gilmer 
and Professor Potts. 

g. Seminar-Theme — Review of the literature of oral surgery, 
with especial attention to the developments of the European War in 
maxillo-facial surgen-. For this course, selected groups of articles 
in the periodical literature and subjects in books will be assigned to 
small groups for seminar study. Each week a short theme will be 
presented by a member of the class and discussed by others. One 
hour a week throughout the 3'ear. Dr. Freeman. 

h. Surgical Clinic — ^Two hours a week throughout the 3"ear. 
Professor Gilmer, Professor Potts, Dr. Aleyer, Dr. Freeman and 
Assistants. Nurses from St. Luke's Hospital. The after-treatment 
of cases will be by students, under direction of Professor Gilmer. 

i. Special Surgical Clinic — Each section, one hour a week for 
five weeks. Dr. ^leyer. 

j. Clinic in the Extraction of Teeth — Special extraction clinic 
for each section, one hour a week for five weeks. Dr. Freeman, Dr. 
Lundquist, Dr. Clark. 

k. Clinical Administration of Anesthetics — Oral surger}' clinic. 
Two hours a week. Dr. Hatton. 

1. Clinical Demonstrations of Xitrous Oxid and Novocain An- 
esthesia — Daily in extracting clinic. Dr. Lundquist and Dr. Clark. 

m. Radiology — Daily clinical instruction. Dr. Leach and Dr. 



a. Lecture-recitation — General Principles in Orthodontia — Tak- 
ing impressions and making models; fitting of appliances. Causes of 
malocclusion; principles of treatment; methods of retention. The 
object of this course is to familiarize the student with the philosophy 
of the correction of malocclusion so that he may undertake practical 


cases at the earliest possible time. First semester. One hour a week. 
Professor Sellery. 

b. Laboratory — Constructing and tempering taps and dies of 
steel ; drawing wire and tubing suitable for the construction of or- 
thodontia appliances. Making of pinch bands, clamp bands and re- 
tainers; application of these to models on the manikin. First semester. 
Three hours a week. Dr. McClain. 


c. Lecture-recitation — Occlusion and Facial Art — Etiology, 
classification, diagnosis of malocclusion. The alveolus and alveolar 
processes, the peridental membranes, and use of models. First semes- 
ter. One hour a week. Professor Sellery, Dr. Buckley and Dr. 

d. Lecture-recitation — Regulating Appliances, Angle, Guilford, 
Knapp — Anchorages, jack screws, levers, traction screws, expansion 
arch and combinations, split plates, reciprocal anchorages, retention. 
Illustrated with models, with movable teeth and enlarged appliances. 
Stereopticon views, illustrating progressive regulation and final fixa- 
tion. Second semester. One hour a week. Professor Sellery, Dr. 
Buckley and Dr. McClain. 

e. Clinic — Open to students throughout the year for the cor- 
rection of cases in practice. Each member of the class is required to 
complete at least one practical case. Professor Sellery, Dr. Buckley 
and Dr. McClain. 

f. Orthodontia Clinic — Each section one hour a week for five 
weeks. Professor Sellery. 

Pathology, General 


a. Lecture-recitation — Etiology of Disease — Disorders of nutri- 
tion and metabolism; diabetes; fever; general circulatory disturb- 
ances; local hyperemia; local anemia; hemorrhage; embolism; infarc- 
tion; thrombosis; retrogressive processes; atrophy; infiltrations and 
degenerations; necrosis; inflammation; progressive tissue changes; 
neoplasms; infections; granulomata; bacteria, and diseases caused by 
them. One hour a week throughout the year. Professor Hatton. 

b. Laboratory — Second semester. Class divided into sections, 
each section three hours a week. Recitations during laborator>^ hours. 
Professor Hatton and Dr. Tainter. 




a. Lecture-recitation — This course covers the following selected 
topics from the first year of college physics: Mechanics of solids, 
liquids and gases; properties of matter and its internal forces; heat, 
expansion, specific heat and change of state; electricity, effect of elec- 
tric current, induction, electric discharge through gases. One hour a 
week. First semester. ]Mr. Webster. 

b. Laboratory — Experiments on the subjects covered in the lec- 
ture-recitation course. One two-hour period each week. First se- 
mester. Mr. Webster and Assistant. 


A number of important problems in dental physics will be intro- 
duced in the courses in operative and prosthetic dentistry. These 
will include measurements of the force of the bite, the force required 
to chew various foods, tests of finger power, the force required to 
condense cohesive gold, the hardness of various filling materials, 
shrinkage and expansion of amalgams, shrinkage and expansion of 
plaster, the force used in closing flasks, etc. 



a. Lecture-recitation — The structure of the elementary tissue; 
the chemical composition of the body; the blood; the circulation of 
the blood. First semester. Two hours a week. Professor Wiggin 
and Dr. Wach. 

b. Lecture-recitation — Respiration — Secretion ; food digestion ; 
metabolism ; nutrition and diet ; animal heat ; excretion ; muscle ; nerve 
physiolog}^ production of voice. Second semester. Two hours a 
week. Professor Wiggin and Dr. Wach. 

c. Laboratory — Studies of muscles, circulation and respiration. 
Class divided into sections, each section one three-hour period a week 
throughout one semester. Professor Wiggin, Dr. Corcoran, and 


d. Lecture-recitation — The Central Nervous System — Brain; 
spinal cord; reproductive organs; development. One hour a week 
throughout the year. Professor Wiggin and Dr. Wach. 

30 N O R T H W E S '1 J<: R N U N 1 V E R S 1 T Y 

Physical Diagnosis 


-a. Lecture-recitation — Studies of the various parts of the body, 
technique, and general diagnosis. The pulse, chest, heart, valvular 
disease and other heart lesions. The lungs and pleural cavity. Dis- 
eases of stomach, pancreas, liver, intestines, spleen, kidneys. The 
bladder, rectal and genital organs. The blood, joints, nervous sys- 
tem. Second semester. One hour a week. Professor Wiggin. 

b. Laboratory — Class divided into small sections, each section 
one hour a week during four weeks. Professor Wiggin. 

Prosthetic Dentistry 


a. Lecture-recitation — Prosthetic Technics — This course covers 
the fundamental principles of denture construction and crown and 
bridge work, and accompanies the laboratory course. One semester. 
Professor Ridgway. 

b. Laboratory — Impression taking, model constructing, occlud- 
ing, waxing, flasking; packing, vulcanizing and finishing partial 
and full artificial dentures. Construction of crowns and dummies, 
all metal, and metal and porcelain; assembling individual crow^ns and 
dummies to form bridges. Class divided into sections, each section 
nine hours a week throughout the year. Professor Ridgway, Dr. 
Kellogg, and Dr. Kurtz. 


c. Lecture-recitation — Metallography — A descriptive course on 
the nature and physical properties of metals, especially those used 
in dentistry, with fundamental principles of their uses; the manipu- 
lation of metals, swaging, annealing, solders and soldering, welding, 
tempering. First semester. One hour a week. Professor Ridgw^ay. 

d. Laboratory — ^Construction of dies and counter dies; swaging 
metal bases of German silver; attaching teeth by soldering and by 
vulcanite; construction of crowns and dummies, all metal, and metal 
and porcelain; assembling individual crowns and dummies to form 
bridges. First semester. Class divided into sections, each section 
nine hours a week. Professor Ridgway, Dr. Kellogg, and Dr. Kurtz. 

e. Lecture-recitation — The physical properties of plaster of Paris 
and other materials employed in prosthesis. Muscles of mastication ; 


force of the bite; movements of the lower jaw; natural arrangement 
and occlusion of artificial teeth. Second semester. One hour a week. 
Professor Ridgway. 

f. Laboratory — Construction of full metal and partial metal 
dentures, with teeth attached by soldering and by vulcanite; con- 
struction and application of clasps to partial dentures; advanced 
work in crow^ns and bridges. Second semester. Class divided into 
sections, each section nine hours a w^eek. Professor Ridgway, Dr. 
Kellogg, and Dr. Kurtz. 


g. Lecture-recitation — Review of technique principles outlined 
in previous courses; application to practical operations in the clinic. 
The physical properties of plaster of Paris and other materials em- 
ployed in prosthesis. Muscles of mastication; force of the bite; 
movements of the lower jaw ; natural arrangement and occlusion of 
artificial teeth. One hour a week. Professor Ridgway. 

h. Laboratory — Cast aluminum base dentures; celluloid den- 
tures; banded Logan crowns; baked porcelain crowns; porcelain 
bridges; continuous gum dentures. Professor Ridgway and Dr. 

i. Prosthetic Clinic — Each student is required to carry to com- 
pletion for patients a number of practical cases, representing each 
of the various classes of prosthesis, amounting to at least one hundred 
and fifty points in crowns and bridges and one hundred and fifty 
points in denture construction. Professor Ridgway, Dr. Sholes, and 


j. Lecture-recitation — Summary of recent methods and appli- 
ances; application of porcelain in prosthesis; porcelain crowns; porce- 
lain bridges, full porcelain dentures; gold casting applied to crowns 
and bridges; removable bridges; repairs to crowns and bridges; 
review of anatomical occlusion ; cleft palate appliances, splints for 
fractures. One hour a week. Professor Ridgway and Dr. Sholes. 

k. Seminar-Theme — Review of the literature of prosthetic den- 
tistry. For this course, selected articles in the periodical literature 
and subjects in books will be assigned to small groups for seminar 
study. Each week a short theme will be presented by a member of 
the class and discussed by others. One hour a week throughout the 
year. Professor Ridgway. 

1. Prosthetic Clinic — Practical pieces of prosthetic work of all 
varieties made and fitted for patients in the clinic. The preparation 
of roots for crowns and the abutments of bridges; making and set- 


ting crowns and bridjj;es. The minimum requirement is two hundred 
points in crowns and bridges and two hundred points in dentures. 
Professor Ridgway, Dr. Sholes, and Assistants. 

Technical Drawing 


a. Laboratory — This course is planned to give the student train- 
ing in drawing which will enable him to understand more readily 
and to portray more clearly the technical features of many problems 
presented in the dental course and in practice. The complete equip- 
ment of drawing instruments and materials for this course is supplied 
by the School. First semester. One three-hour period a week. Mr. 


The Operative, Prosthetic, Orthodontia, Extraction and Radio- 
graphic clinics are open to students' practice from 9 A. M. to 5 P. M. 
each week day during the school year, as well as during the summer 
vacation. There is at all times an abundant number of patients. It 
is intended that this clinical practice shall be as much like an 
actual dental practice as possible. The development of the ability 
to obtain and hold a practice, the observance of professional courtesy 
toward patients, so essential to success, is regarded equal in impor- 
tance to the development of manipulative ability. 


General Statements 


The degree of Doctor of Dental Surgery is conferred upon stu- 
dents recommended therefor by the Faculty of the School. Candi- 
dates are recommended who have attended the required courses of 
lectures, who have passed satisfactorily all required examinations In 
the subjects of study; who have completed the required clinical and 
laboratory w^ork; w^ho In the judgment of the Faculty are of fit moral 
character and are twenty-one 5^ears of age, and who have discharged 
In full all financial obligations to the University. 


A dental scholastic honor society, the Omicron Kappa Upsilon, 
was organized In 1916, upon the Initiative of Northwestern Univer- 
sity Dental School. 

Membership Is awarded to students who throughout their dental 
course have met every requirement w^ithout condition or failure, and 
w^hose record of grades earned during their entire course gives them 
highest rank. Twelve per cent of the graduating class of each year 
can achieve the honor of such membership. 


The clinic rooms will be open all the year for the benefit of 
students who may wish to gain greater experience in clinical practice 
under competent supervision. The number of demonstrators during 
the summer will be ample for the class that may choose to remain 
at the school. The clinical material Is abundant, and an excellent 
opportunity is afforded for clinical practice. 


The value and adequacy of the clinical instruction and experi- 
ence in practice to students Is Inestimable. The extent of It can be 
best understood by an examination of the subjoined statement of 
patients cared for during each of the five years from 19 13 to 191 8: 

General Special Total 

For the year 1913-14 6,418 6,524 12,942 

For the year 1914-15 8,184 8,323 16,507 

For the year 1915-16 9,585 7,cx>7 16,592 

For the year 1917 10,662 7,945 18,607 

For the year 1918 8,623 6,504 15,127 



Due to the change from the three- to the four-year course, both 
the Senior and Junior classes for 1919-20 were unusually small, and 
it was impossible to care for many persons who applied for clinic 
service. The number of patients and the operations mentioned be- 
low are therefore considerably less than the School's average : 

1919 General Special Total 

January 681 531 1,212 

February 609 655 1,264 

March 403 573 976 

April 553 628 1,181 

May 416 431 847 

June 138 63 201 

July 296 257 553 

August 489 71 560 

September 322 60 382 

October 696 277 973 

November 419 185 604 

December 290 135 425 

5,312 3,866 9,178 

The special patients are those who ask to be assigned to particular 
students, while the general patients are assigned to such students as 
need the particular, experience and practice that their cases involve. 
Many of these general patients have come to the school for a number 
of years and continue to come in the same manner as they w^ould 
go to the office of a dental practitioner. The school has thus acquired 
a very large clinic, but the students are encouraged to have their 
friends ask for their especial services, as a step in the direction of the 
teaching of practice building. 

The operations performed for the 9,178 patients during the year 
included the following: 

4,260 gold fillings. 4,i44 local anesthetics. 

3,344 amalgam fillings. 55 orthodontia cases. 

1,860 gold inlays. 8,559 radiograms, mouth films. 

737 cement fillings. 1,058 vulcanite dentures. 

91 pulps devitalized. 4 gold dentures. 

i,ooo pulps removed — cocain. 2 aluminum dentures. 

289 dead pulps removed. 5 Watt's metal dentures. 

33 abscess treatments. 333 dentures repaired. 

50 root canal treatments. 131 gold crowns. 

1,433 root fillings. 135 Richmond crowns. 

3,133 scalings and peridental mem- 99 detachable pin crowns, 

brane treatments. 70 cast base crowns. 

617 surgical treatments. 13 other crowns. 

13,440 teeth extracted. 515 bridges. 

405 gas administrations. 381 crown and bridge repairs. 



Text-books and reference books will be on sale in the Library of 
the school at publishers' prices. There will be a small profit from 
the sale of these books, which will be used for the benefit of the 
librar3^ Each student will be required to have the books designated 
before participating in either recitation or laboratory exercises. Many 
reference books in the library ma)' be used as needed. 


The instruments essential to the students in the several depart- 
ments of the school have been carefully studied and determined. 
Much care has been taken in the selection of the instrument sets that 
the variety of forms may be sufficient for the student's needs without 
being excessive. Close study of this subject and long, careful obser- 
vation of students and the progress they make in the attainment of 
manipulative skill show their progress to be closely related to their 
instrument equipment. Therefore this school must demand that the 
instrument sets required be obtained by each student as a condition 
to his continuance in school work. 

In operative dentistry it is found that a close adherence to the 
formula plan, in the study of cutting instruments particularly, is 
essential in teaching the important subject of cavity preparation, and 
this will be carried out critically in all the departments of the school. 
This teaching is begun in the technic classes and the same lines of 
instruction are followed progressively by teachers and demonstrators 
in all of the departments to the end of the Senior year, the same 
instrument sets being used throughout the course of study. 

In prosthetic dentistry and in the several laboratories a similar 
care as to instruments is maintained. 

The instruments in the list are required because they are essen- 
tial to the student's progress, and students must provide them. 
Students should not bring with them, nor purchase, instruments of 
other patterns, for they cannot be received as equivalents of the 
required sets. No student is required to make changes in his instru- 
ment sets during his four years' course, and these instruments form 
his instrument equipment for entering practice after graduation. 


Fees and Expenses 


Matriculation Fee $5.00 

This fee is to be paid when a student first matriculates in any 
department of the University, and covers subsequent matriculations 
in the same or other departments. It is to be paid but once and is in 
no case returnable. 

Registration Deposit, each year $5.00 

This deposit must be paid w^hen names are enrolled for classes. 
It will be credited on the tuition fee for the current year. It is not 
returnable in case the student fails to attend. If the first matricula- 
tion of the student is in the Dental School, the matriculation fee will 
serve as a registration fee for that year, but the matriculation fee is 
not credited on the tuition fee. 

Tuition Fee, each year $250.00 

This fee includes the registration deposit, but not the matricula- 
tion fee. It includes all laboratory fees for equipment and supplies, 
but not for manuals and notebooks. Each student is provided with 
a locker for the protection of his private property. Each Freshman 
will be charged for three new padlocks for his lockers. Each student 
operating in the clinic will be charged a towel fee each year. 

Final Exa?nination Fee, for Seniors $iO.OO 

Time of Payment of Tuition — The tuition fee is payable at the 
beginning of the school year. It may be paid in two installments, 
$125.00 at the beginning of the first semester and $125.00 at the 
beginning of the second semester. If installments are not paid within 
ten days of the opening of the semester, $2.00 will be added, but 
in no case may payment be deferred more than thirty days. Payments 
should be made in currency or in Chicago exchange drawn to the 
order of Northwestern University. Out-of-town personal checks are 
not accepted. 

Refunds — No fees for tuition will be refunded except in cases 
of sickness. If on account of serious illness a student withdraws 
from the School before the end of the school year, a share of his 
tuition fee may be refunded, provided he secures from the Dean a 
statement of honorable standing, and from a physician a certificate 
that his health will not permit him to remain in attendance. No 
application for a refund will be considered unless made within thirty 
days after withdrawal from the School on account of sickness. 



The amounts given below are as nearly correct as can be de- 
termined in advance, owing to the changes which may occur in prices 
or in the selection of books, instruments and other equipment. As 
many of the books and almost all of the other equipment listed for 
each of the first three years are required in the succeeding years, 
the figures given apply only to those students entering this school as 
Freshmen. Students entering with advanced standing, or by transfer 
from other Dental Schools, will be required to purchase whatever 
may be necessary of the books and equipment listed for preceding 

For the year 1920-21, the School will supply the books and 
equipment for the several classes. On account of the difficulty of 
securing equipment, orders were placed far in advance, so that stu- 
dents are assured of having everything necessary for the pursuit of 
their work. In order to reduce the cost of equipment as much as 
possible, the School will supply certain items, such as student operat- 
ing cases, etc., which the student will not need after graduation, upon 
a rental basis. 

The student should come prepared to purchase the complete outfit 
of books and instruments at the opening of school, in addition to at 
least the first semester tuition. 


FOR THE YEAR 1 920- 1 92 I 

Freshman year, books as per required list, about $ 50.00 

Instruments and other equipment, as per required list, about 150.00 

^ $200.00 

Sophomore year, books, about $ 20.00 

Instruments and other equipment, about. 260.00 


Junior year, books, about $ 35,00 

Instruments and other equipment, about 30.00 

$ 65.00 
Senior year, books, about $ 15.00 


Freshman year, matriculation, tuition, books and equipment $ 455.00 

Sophomore year, tuition, books and equipment 530.00 

Junior year, tuition, books and equipment 315.00 

Senior year, tuition, final examination fee, books and equipment. . . . 275.00 

TOTAL $1,575.00 


This is an average of about $400.00 per year. The equipment 
includes practically everything required for a dentist's office, except 
dental chair and office furniture, so that while the expense for equip- 
ment in school is considerable, it should not be counted as a school 
expense, but rather as a part of the expense of office equipment. After 
the Sophomore year, the expense in addition to the tuition is small, so 
that the student is likely to be better prepared to meet the cost of 
office equipment at the time of graduation. 


The University is not responsible for the loss of any personal 
property belonging to any of the students in any building owned by 
the University, whether the loss occurs by theft, fire, or an unknown 


Students will be held responsible for unnecessary damage to or 
breakage of the apparatus, equipment, furniture or other property 
of the University. 

students' extra FUNDS 

Students who bring with them larger amounts of funds than 
their immediate requirements necessitate may deposit the same in the 
University business office, in the rotunda on first floor, and draw on 
this deposit from time to time as needed, under such regulations as 
may be prescribed. 


Rooms and board may be obtained at $10.00 to $15.00 a week. 
Rooms without board, furnished or unfurnished, may be had at 
$14.00 to $25.00 a month. 

A department of the Y. M. C. A. is maintained in the Univer- 
sity Building, which looks especially to the students' interest in this 

In case students are compelled to do some outside work to assist 
them while attending school, this department will also endeavor to 
secure such employment as the student may be able to do without 
detriment to his educational work. 

the university DORMITORIES 

The University dormitories are situated on the North Campus 
near the University Gymnasium, and within a five-minute walk to 
the Elevated trains with direct service to Chicago. ' 

Applications for the reservation of rooms should be made to the 
Secretary of the Dental School and should be accompanied by a 
deposit of $10. 



Register of Students, 1919-1920 

Auerbach, Bernard Illinois 

Berndt, Arthur Walter Illinois 

Brahv, Nicholas Richard Illinois 

Brown, William H Wisconsin 

Buttner, Olga Ruth Idaho 

Cardio, Frank E Iowa 

Church, Robert Robins. . . .Tennessee 

Cigrand, Elroy Franklin Illinois 

Collins, J. Blaine Ohio 

Curtin, Thomas P Minnesota 

Deason, Chester O. .. .North Dakota 

Dinan, Wilfred Irvin Texas 

Dunn, Herbert J Wisconsin 

Dodge, Watson Arthur Kansas 

Eastwold, Conrad E Minnesota 

Enloe, Alfred Georgia 

Eshelman, Clyde Daniel ... .Indiana 

Fosket, Robert R Illinois 

Grandson, Clarence M. North Dakota 

Gruesen, Joseph L Minnesota 

Haney, Mark H Minnesota 

Hendrick, James H Michigan 

Hinman, Donald M Illinois 

Hornbeck, Ralph Wisconsin 

Kamins, Harry H Illinois 

*Koppel, Louis Wisconsin 

Kerwin, Joseph Francis Illinois 

Ludwig, William Raymond. .Indiana 

Macey, Harry P Minnesota 

Martin, Eric Illinois 

Monson, Harry Alfred Illinois 

Riegel, Harry J Illinois 

Roman, Benjamin Andrew Ohio 

Root, Melvin Austin, Jr Illinois 

Runyan, Lewis Nichols Illinois 

Seise, John Goddard Illinois 

Seidenberg, Alfred H Wisconsin 

Sprecher, Arthur South Dakota 

Starshak, Tom Cyril Illinois 

Strauss, William John Illinois 

Sullivan, William H Wisconsin 

Schwartz, Abraham Illinois 

Thorsen, Arthur Valdimar. . .Illinois 

Tillotson, Kendall S Illinois 

Tippet, Bert Minnesota 

Wedeber, Carl Oscar. .North Dakota 
Williams, Russell Reed. .. .Montana 


Aron, Eugene S Illinois 

Barker, Graham Frank. ,. .Michigan 

Bell, E. Cyril Indiana 

Blachly, D. W Indiana 

Blais, Otto R Minnesota 

Brady, Harold James. .. .Wisconsin 

Chase, Ralph R Michigan 

Chrt, George Illinois 

Collins, Joseph W., Jr. .South Dakota 

fCrawford, Robey Texas 

Dang, Tai Hee. Hawaii 

Datz, William F., Jr Illinois 

Dewey, Walter M Michigan 

Dybdal, Arthur E Minnesota 

Garrison, Nelson Illinois 

Gates, Raymond John Illinois 

Gifford, Frank Missouri 

Golden, Harold Miller Florida 

Greenburg, Julius Nelson. .. .Illinois 

Gunn, John Harvey Michigan 

Hall, Edwin E .Ohio 

Harris, Richard V Minnesota 

Hax, George W Illinois 

Hay, Robert B Maryland 

Highum, Alvin Minnesota 

Hinson, J. Y North Carolina 

Howell, Raymond L Indiana 

Hulvey, Leo Illinois 

Johnson, Arthur Lee. . .South Dakota 

Johnson, Walter Ralph Illinois 

Kelly, Harley Edmund Iowa 

Larsen, Reuben South Dakota 

*Matriculated but not in attendance. 


N O R 1 H W i: S T K R N U N 1 V E R S 1 1' Y 

Lasater, R. Landess Tennessee 

Leininger, Clarence W Illinois 

Marks, Arthur Alabama 

Mathews, Harry W Washington 

Mazurek, Joseph S Wisconsin 

McKee, Dale L South Dakota 

Moore, Carl L Kansas 

Murphrey, W. E., Jr. North Carolina 

Murphy, Maxwell C Texas 

Nishimura, Hideichi Hawaii 

Peters, Leonard A Iowa 

Poliak, Edward A Colorado 

Quinlan, Leo Jerome Indiana 

Rafish, Samuel M ..Montana 

Romine, Neva Louise Kansas 

Rubens, Sidney Leon Illinois 

Schauf, Edward John Illinois 

Shissler, Francis Illinois 

*Spiegelglass, Naum A Illinois 

Steffes, Clarence L Illinois 

Stephan, Harry C Indiana 

Swanson, Edgar Walfred ... Indiana 
Taggart, Eleanora Ethel ... .Illinois 

Toraason, Hiram W Wisconsin 

Walling, Myron B Illinois 

Watkins, Vertice O Arizona 

Weiss, Leslie Lisle Indiana 

Woods, Harold J Illinois 


Barcroft, Dwight Taylor. . . .Illinois 
Barnard, Richard Edwin. .. .Illinois 

Bell, James R Illinois 

Black, Rhea Edwin Illinois 

Blackwood, Howard C Illinois 

Brandser, Robert Edward. Wisconsin 

Brooks, Malcolm P Illinois 

Burr, Clarence Henderson. . .Canada 

Coleman, William Arthur Iowa 

Comee, Cyril C Wisconsin 

Cook, Jean Indiana 

Crabtree, Clayton Mack Illinois 

Creviston, Ralph R Indiana 

Curtis, Merrill H 

District of Columbia 

Davis, Paul K Illinois 

Easterwood, Charles G Texas 

Einhorn, Joseph Illinois 

Evanson, Louise Illinois 

Frerlchs, Arthur W. . . .South Dakota 

Gevirtz, Jasper Indiana 

Grahn, Earl G. W Illinois 

Handler, E. David Illinois 

Hansen, Ellen Gurine Illinois 

Hansen, Frederik L Illinois 

Hatcher, Oliver P Tennessee 

Hill, Lloyd B Kansas 

Hockings, Robert Burnell. Michigan 

Houlihan, Joseph H Iowa 

Howard, Gordon M Illinois 

Isay, Morton G Illinois 

James, Charles S Massachusetts 

Jostes, Benedict H Illinois 

Kalb, Thaddeus F Indiana 

Kobrzynski, Harriet E Illinois 

Kopperud, William. .. North Dakota 

Kraft, David Indiana 

Moe, Harold South Dakota 

Nortell, Harry Illinois 

O'Hara, John Sterling Michigan 

*Palmer, Alva Martha. .. .Montana 

Pendergast, William B Illinois 

Peters, Wilfred S Illinois 

Polisky, Jacob Illinois 

Prince, George M Illinois 

Probst, Edmund Aloysius. . .Indiana 

Rappaport, Bernard Illinois 

Reese, H. Cortland Illinois 

Ringland, Kenneth W Illinois 

Runyan, George W Indiana 

Scher, Jacob Illinois 

Schumaker, James Robert. .. .Illinois 

Seim, Roy H Wisconsin 

Serritella, William Illinois 

Silver, Saul Illinois 

Skebelsky, Martin S Illinois 

Skrentny, Matthew Indiana 

Smith, J. Robert Colorado 

Specter, Wilmont E Indiana 

Sprunt, William H Idaho 

Stephenson, Lindale Van.. New York 

Sturdavant, Forest Illinois 

Thompson, David John Illinois 

Tillson, Frank C Montana 

Wagner, J. Harold Illinois 

Walker, Homer Lee Illinois 

Wanamaker, Frank H. . .Washington 
Wasson, Joseph S Illinois 

♦Matriculated but not in attendance. 



Wescott, Randall L Illinois 

Wheale, John T Indiana 

Williams, G. Hewett Oklahoma 

Williams, Roger S Wisconsin 

Wood, Norton J Michigan 

Young, Owen Arkansas 

Zimmer, William P Illinois 


Adams, William M. .. .Washington 
Ahnstrom, C. Raymond. . .New York 

*Allen, Wayne L Illinois 

Anderson, Carl William. .. .Illinois 

Anderson, Louis P Utah 

*Babcock, James A. . . .North Dakota 

Balbach, George Jacob Illinois 

Balhatchett, George W Illinois 

Bank, Carl H Michigan 

Barlow, William Anderson. .Illinois 

*Barteau, Roy Minnesota 

Baxter, Glenn B Iowa 

Bayne, Neil E Montana 

Benson, William H Illinois 

Bentz, Allan Utah 

Berg, Stanley Hjalmer. North Dakota 

Berry, Arthur L Illinois 

Bettenhausen, Lloyd George.. Illinois 

*Bird, Boyden Utah 

Boone, Glen C Illinois 

Boucher, Orlando Illinois 

Bowker, Harry C Illinois 

Boyd, John Bedford Illinois 

*Brinkerhoff, Garry R Illinois 

Brown, Daniel P Illinois 

Brown, Donovan Ward Indiana 

Bruce, Jack Edward, Jr. .Wisconsin 

Bruce, Ray Wisconsin 

Bult, Lawrence Illinois 

Burke, Joe F South Dakota 

*Bvrne, Frank R Illinois 

*Calenda, Fred K. L New York 

♦Callander, Adelbert R Ohio 

Cameron, Charles A Canada 

Campbell, John Nelson. North Dakota 

Caplan, Julius Indiana 

Casewell, Cuthbert C Canada 

Chisholm, Reginald H Virginia 

Christiansen, Odd Norway 

Clark, Thomas A Montana 

Clearwater, Edgar B Iowa 

Cohn, Hymen J Illinois 

*Colby, James R Wisconsin 

Collins, D. H South Dakota 

Connell, Francis M Iowa 

Corrin, Roger J Michigan 

Crandall, Mvron Francis. .Minnesota 

*Culley, Harry B Illinois 

Cunat, Miles j Illinois 

♦Cunningham, James T Ohio 

Curtis, Nathaniel Arizona 

Dally, Michael Henry Illinois 

Dameron, Logan D Arizona 

Deahl, Elmer Illinois 

Delph, Dennis Indiana 

Denison, William Russell . .Indiana 

*DeWindt, Herbert J Michigan 

Diehl. Val C South Dakota 

Dingle, Roy F Minnesota 

Dobson, Andrew E Iowa 

Dorsey, Louis W Michigan 

Drummond, Harold C. .. .Michigan 

*Duggan, Claude S Wyoming 

Dumbauld, Ernest B Indiana 

Dunn, Howard G Iowa 

Dunsworth, Leon B Canada 

*Ellenberg, Jacob Illinois 

Ericson, Marvin G... North Dakota 

Evans, Phillip S Idaho 

Fellows, Earl Wiley Illinois 

Ferdinand, William V Illinois 

Fisher, Wilfred E North Dakota 

Foss, William J Illinois 

♦Freeman, Sewell C Michigan 

♦Frost, C, Wallace Montana 

Fults, Floyd Z Indiana 

Garvin, Franklin Martin Texas 

Gaul, Edward C Illinois 

Gidley, Gerald H Indiana 

Gillespie, Walter James L'tah 

Gillmeister, Benjamin M. .. .Illinois 

Gilroy, John J Illinois 

Gjerset, Maurice J Iowa 

Gleave, Leo E Utah 

Goldbranson, Kent L Utah 

Goldman, Max Illinois 

♦Matriculated but not in attendance. 



Goldstein, Samuel L Illinois 

Gray, Charles Montana 

Gray, Emory Speer Illinois 

Grundy, George Benj Oklahoma 

Gunther, Frank M Illinois 

Gysin, Elmer F Wisconsin 

Hadden, Gilbert E Illinois 

Halbeisen, Harold J.. North Dakota 

*Hallgren, Edward R Illinois 

Hamilton, Harold F. .. .Washington 

Handelman, George Illinois 

Hanson, Clarence A Minnesota 

Harr, Hartnett L Indiana 

Hartley, Harry A Iowa 

Havelka, Rudolph Illinois 

Headen, Leon William Alabama 

Hess, Elmer R Illinois 

Hines, Hubert B Illinois 

Hoag, Eugene E Illinois 

Holzberger, Lloyd F Montana 

*Horwitz, Max S Illinois 

Hoxsey, Floyd L Illinois 

Huffman, Luverne M.. North Dakota 

Hultquist, Harry F New York 

Humpidge, Walter C Illinois 

Hurwitz, Albert Ervin. .Washington 

Hutt, Spence Atwell Illinois 

Israel, Abraham Illinois 

Jackson, Milon B Michigan 

Jennings, Ovid J Indiana 

Jensen, L, Wallace Utah 

Johnson, Otto M Illinois 

Johnson, Solomon E Illinois 

Jones, Fenton Carlyle, Jr Iowa 

Karzen, Harry Illinois 

Keough, Frank, Jr Michigan 

Kern, Roy Anton Illinois 

*Kidd, James Illinois 

Kidder, Wayne G Michigan 

Killip, Merrill H Illinois 

Kinsman, George H Iowa 

Kleiman, Samuel R Illinois 

Knitter, Bernard Illinois 

Kogen, Barney I Illinois 

Kolling, William Illinois 

Korssell, Harold M Illinois 

Kruth, Roy Albert Wisconsin 

*Kudrle, N, LeRoy Iowa 

LaCount, Paul Indiana 

Laederach, Walter Edward. .Illinois 
Lahr, Elven Scott Indiana 

Lanser, Matthew T Iowa 

Lawson, Ralph Jack Ohio 

Lewis, William E Missouri 

Lindstrom, Carl Illinois 

Livingstone, Donald M Canada 

*Luczak, Leon Frank Illinois 

Lynch, William J Indiana 

Lyons, Vaughan D Idaho 

Lyons, Wayne Charles Illinois 

Magee, Roy M Oklahoma 

Maika, Henry Frederick. . .Nebraska 

Mastrud, Albert F North Dakota 

Mathews, Oliver S Illinois 

Mathew, Oren Indiana 

Mayland, Leon M Illinois 

McDaniel, Donald J Illinois 

McEwen, Robert A Illinois 

McNicol, Thomas K Canada 

Meese, Raymond E Indiana 

Menkemeller, Chester K.. Oklahoma 

Miller, Elmer G Missouri 

Miller, Floyd H Illinois 

Minshall, Lawrence K Illinois 

Moran, James Illinois 

Mudra, James, Jr Illinois 

Murray, Horatio S Wisconsin 

Neperud, Marvin S Wisconsin 

New, Harland Illinois 

Newbury, Wallace J Wisconsin 

Newell, Robert Nebraska 

Nimtz, Elmer J Illinois 

*Noonan, George C Illinois 

Nordlie, Arndt B Illinois 

Northcutt, Claude Oklahoma 

*Nyvall, Evar Illinois 

O'Brien, George W Illinois 

Olson, Reuben M Illinois 

Oltman, Harold C Missouri 

Ong, George Illinois 

*Orris, F, Russel Canada 

Pacey, Walter Illinois 

Pafford, Ernest M Arizona 

^Patterson, Phillip H Alabama 

Pearson, Herschel E Idaho 

Peterson, Clarence H Illinois 

Peterson, Clyde A South Dakota 

*Peterson, Ellen Madonna. Wyoming 
Plekenpol, Lester Jerome.. Wisconsin 

*Pohlmann, Fred H Illinois 

Poliak, Meyer S Colorado 

Powers, John R Illinois 

'Matriculated but not in attendance. 



Premack, Hymen A Illinois 

Pulley, Ralph B Illinois 

Rahn, Walter G Illinois 

*Raker, George South Dakota 

Reeder, Daniel M Illinois 

Renner, Herbert E. W Illinois 

♦Richards, William J Michigan 

*Riley, Warren J Canada 

Ringland, Raymond R Illinois 

Rivkin, Samuel B Illinois 

Robbins, William M.. North Dakota 

Roberts, Albert Lincoln Illinois 

Roe, Arthur Illinois 

Rose, William Alexander. .Kentucky 

Rottenberg, Isadore Illinois 

Rowen, Howard E Illinois 

Rubenstein, Obbie Abraham. Canada 

Ruggles, Leonard B Michigan 

Ryan, Leonard L Canada 

Sackhein, David Illinois 

Sanderson, Leon T Canada 

Schaefer, Roy C South Dakota 

*Schleyer, H. Allen Wisconsin 

Schmidt, W^illiam George F.Canada 

Schow, Willes Idaho 

Scroggin, Guy F Illinois 

Seaborg, Axel A Illinois 

*Seabrook, William Henry. .Illinois 

Shackelford, J. Gordon Arizona 

*Shalitt, Irving D Illinois 

Sharp, Baxter Reed Illinois 

Sheppard, Clyde C Illinois 

Siljan, Sigurd South Dakota 

Skehar, Harry George Canada 

Skuse, James B Illinois 

Smith, Douglas D Montana 

Smith, Wilbur S Illinois 

*Smook, Ivan S Illinois 

Snyder, Robert Wisconsin 

Soffel, Quintin I Illinois 

Steiner, Charles J Indiana 

Stern, Henry Illinois 

Stevenson, George A Illinois 

Strong, Lawrence Illinois 

Sugar, Milton Harry Indiana 

Sugrue, James Illinois 

Sutherland, H. Ross Canada 

Swindell, Merle Rex Michigan 

Taylor, Ray H Illinois 

Teaff, James W Ohio 

*Thomas, Clarence L Michigan 

Thompson, Laurence B Illinois 

Thomson, Llovd C... North Dakota 

Tittle, Felix S Illinois 

Townsend, Gerald W Illinois 

Touzel, Mervyn Canada 

Ullestad, Rolf J Illinois 

Vangsnes, Olaf Illinois 

Vitullo, Frank M Illinois 

Webb, William M Illinois 

Weekes, W. Edward Nebraska 

Wellenstein, Melchior ...Minnesota 

Wellington, Charles W Canada 

W^estphal, Fred M Illinois 

White, Arthur C New York 

Wiesjahn, Alvin Indiana 

*Wilcox, Curtis M ..Wisconsin 

Williams, Russell Illinois 

Willson, Kenneth F... North Dakota 

Wojniak, Joseph S Illinois 

Wolfe, Lynn B West Virginia 

Wood, Gary R Indiana 

*Wright, Arthur Illinois 

Wurth, Albert Ohio 

Zagers, Edward Michigan 

Zatlin, Albert Illinois 

Zee, Tsah Yoong China 


February, 1920 

Arai, Hirokichi, D.D.S Illinois 

Baker, William A., D.D.S. .Missouri 

Barnard, R. F., D.D.S Indiana 

*Barnes, C. L., D.D.S. .. .Mississippi 

Bayley, Guy F., D.D.S Ohio 

Busch, Ernest, D.D.S Missouri 

Chiles, C. D., D.D.S Alabama 

Coffman, W. C, D.D.S Kentuckv 

Conn, R. W., D.D.S Canada 

Douglas, H. W., D.D.S Arkansas 

Edenburn, E. E., D.D.S Indiana 

*Eheart, F. W., D.D.S Virginia 

Fuerst, Henry F., D.D.S. . .Colorado 
Garrison, R. Elliott, D.D.S. .Indiana 

Gephardt, R. A., D.D.S Indiana 

♦Granger, T. H., D.D.S. .Oklahoma 

♦Matriculated but not in attendance. 


N O R 1 H W E S T E R N U N I V E R S KE Y 

*Greenwoocl, W. E,, D.D.S... 


*Haggard, O. L. F., D.D.S. Alabama 
Harrington, J. R., D.D.S. .. .Indiana 

Hawkins, O. I., D.D.S Illinois 

Hester, J. N., D.D.S. North Carolina 

*Hope, B., D.D.S Arkansas 

House, A. N., D.D.S Nebraska 

Hune, H. B., D.D.S Ohio 

Hunt, L. C, D.D.S Wyoming 

Janes, L. V., D.D.S Canada 

Knight, William E., D.D.S. .. .Ohio 

*LaCour, B. J., D.D.S Louisiana 

*Laird, Arthur M., D.D.S. .Kentucky 

Leavell, Fred W., D.D.S Indiana 

Lindley, J. H., D.D.S Indiana 

Loomis, Neal M., D.D.S. .. .Indiana 

Madigan, H. H., D.D.S Michigan 

McCann, George C, D.D.S. .Illinois 

McKinney, R. H., D.D.S Missouri 

*McMeekin, J. D., D.D.S 

South Carolina 

McPherson, Jas., D.D.S Canada 

Miller, Jesse W., Jr., D.D.S.. ^ 


*Morris, Robert L., D.D.S 


Owen, Harry S., D.D.S Texas 

Pentecost, P. J., D.D.S Indiana 

Ramsey, Minton T., D.D.S. . .Texas 
*Riedel, Harry C, D.D.S. .. .Illinois 

Rosado, G. O., D.D.S Louisiana 

Schugh, Lilly May, D.D.S Idaho 

Seamans, J. O., D.D.S Georgia 

Smith, G. W. B., D.D.S 

South Carolina 

Tichv, Joseph, D.D.S Illinois 

Waker, J. B., D.D.S. .South Carolina 

Wallace, C. B., D.D.S Texas 

Wallis, Robert, D.D.S Illinois 

Walsh, Thomas E Illinois 

White, A. W., D.D.S Tennessee 

Whitson, L. F., D.D.S Kansas 

Williamson, F. M., D.D.S 

British Columbia 

^Matriculated but not in attendance. 



Geographical Distribution of Students 








District of Columbia 


Georgia i 


Idaho I 

Illinois 19 

Indiana 2 

Iowa I 

Kansas i 





Michigan i 

Minnesota 6 



Montana i 


New York 

North Carolina 

North Dakota 3 


Ohio 2 


South Carolina 

South Dakota i 

Tennessee i 

Texas i 




West Virginia 

Wisconsin 6 

































7 • 

































































Northwestern University Dental School 
Alumni Association 


M. M. Printz, President, Chicago. 
Benj. S. Partridge, First Vice-President, Chicago. 
George E. Meyer, Second Vice-President, Chicago. 
James L. Morlan, Secretary and Treasurer, 25 E. Washington St., 

executive committee 

Eugene Maginnis, Chairman, Chicago. 
T. B. S. Wallace, Chicago. 
G. G. Knapp, Chicago. 

The annual Home-coming Clinic is held on Monday and Tues- 
day of commencement week each year at the University Building. 

The Association publishes a quarterly Journal, which is a medium 
for the circulation of articles of interest to Northwestern alumni 
and for the exchange of friendly greetings. The Alumni Associa- 
tion and the Journal exist for the purpose of maintaining and ad- 
vancing all things of mutual interest to the alumni and the School. 

All members of the Association in good standing will receive the 
Journal. Any graduate of the Northwestern University Dental 
School may become a member of the Alumni Association upon pay- 
ment of the membership fee of one dollar and dues of one dollar 

We ask that the Alumni support the Association and the Journal, 
and co-operate earnestly with the officers in making our official 
publication a still greater success. 

For information regarding the Association, address the Secretary. 

James L. Morlan, Secretary-Treasurer, 

25 E. Washington St., Chicago. 

For information regarding the School, address Northwestern 
University Dental School, 31 W. Lake St., Chicago.